Substituting carbohydrates with protein can reduce glucose excursions in those with type 2 diabetes, according to Danish researchers.
The team from the University of Copenhagen wanted to investigate how following a diet rich in meat and eggs could impact blood sugar levels and diabetes-related complications.
They found reducing energy, obtained from carbohydrates, from 29 per cent to 16 per cent, and increasing energy from proteins from 31 per cent to 54 per cent, they were able to dampen post-meal hormonal changes, such as blood sugar spikes.
Compared to the conventional diet, the high-protein diet reduced peak glucose concentration after eating a high protein meal by 18 per cent and reduced total insulin by 22 per cent.
Two hormones involved in stimulating the body to produce insulin, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide and glucagon-like peptide 1, also went up by 35 per cent and 17 per cent respectively. While on the high-protein diet, participants also reported feeling fuller after the meal, meaning they were less likely to eat between meals.
The findings have been published in the British Journal of Nutrition.
To read the study, click here.